What is the political situation in Slovakia right now? Which political parties are the most important ones? And what are the connections between them?
I will try to answer these questions in this article.
In the diagram above you can see the current state of the party spectrum. Easy to understand? No? Well, I will explain a little bit. In Slovakia, there are two groups of main political parties.
One group is placed on the left. It is not a coincidence. In that part of the diagram, you can find leftist political parties, though they are also nationalists. (SMER-SD (Social Democracy): leftish and conservative; SNS : nationalist). These two parties form a coalition together with the Slovak-Hungarian party Most-Híd (the name would translate as “bridge” in both of the languages respectively).
The second group of political parties is placed on the right. Those parties are both conservative and liberal. (SAS: liberal; OĽaNO: has both liberal and conservative fraction; KDH: Christian democrats; SMK-MKP: a conservative Hungarian party). SAS and OĽaNO form the so called “democratic opposition” in the Parliament. All of these parties tend to cooperate at the regional level as well.
Like in other countries, there is a new group of anti-establishment parties emerging. These are becoming a phenomenon and have been quite successful. In the case of Slovakia, I should mention “Sme Rodina” (We are a Family) and mainly “ĽS Naše Slovensko” (People's Party Our Slovakia). There are examples of cooperation between the democratic opposition and “Sme Rodina”, however ĽS Naše Slovensko is never being approached by the opposition.
Lastly, there are new liberal parties (SPOLU OD¹, PS) similar to En Marche! or Ciudadanos. Those have not seen any success... they have two years to gain some influence as the next parliamentary election will be held in 2020.
Well, that is it for now. I hope the article is easy understand even for foreigners and possibly might help you get some insight into the Slovakian party system.
¹there are liberals and moderate conservatives